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I created this blog as an instrument of what I have encountered in the world of veterinary medicine as a proud vet student. Comments and suggestions are welcome here at;


Aina Meducci 2012


The following blog posts is not genuinely from my research but through readings and citation from trusted website. I do not own any of the copyright and therefore you may use it at your own risk


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Basic surgical instruments

Hello again dear readers! Today I want to share briefly about basic surgical instruments. I realized that I haven't posted anything regarding surgery yet and I thought this is going to be a good start.

Note: This webpage I found is basically show the instruments which are used in veterinary medicine field.


Surgical instruments exist in vast numbers and varieties due to many types of operation such as laparotomy, rumenotomy, gastrotomy and many more.

The following are examples of the basic instruments that should learned by every beginning surgeon.

1. Scissors

Classification by types of points

borsh.GIF (12665 bytes)

All types of scissors can have blunt or sharp blades (A: Sharp:Sharp, B: Blunt:Blunt)

Blade Shapes

All types can have either straight or curved blades.

1. Mayo and Matsembaum

Mayo and Metzenbaum Scissors

Mayo scissors (B) are used for cutting heavy fascia and sutures.
Metzenbaum scissors (A) are more delicate than Mayo scissors.

Metzenbaum scissors are used to cut delicate tissues.Metzenbaum scissors have a longer handle to blade ratio.

2. Forceps

Consist of two tines held together at one end with a spring device that holds the tines open. Forceps can be either tissue or dressing forceps.

Dressing forceps have smooth or smoothly serrated tips.Tissue forceps have teeth to grip tissue. Many forceps bear the name of the originator of the design, such as Adson tissue forceps.

Rat tooth forceps


Interdigitating teeth hold tissue without slipping.
Used to hold skin/dense tissue.

Adson tissue forceps

Rat tooth

Small serrated teeth on edge of tips.The Adsons tissue forceps has delicate serrated tips designed for light, careful handling of tissue.

Allis tissue forceps


Interdigitating short teeth to grasp and hold bowel or tissue.Slightly traumatic, use to hold intestine, fascia and skin.

Babcock forceps


More delicate that Allis, less directly traumatic.Broad, flared ends with smooth tips.Used to atraumatically hold viscera (bowel and bladder)

Sponge forceps

Sponge Forceps

Sponge forceps can be straight or curved.Sponge forceps can have smooth or serrated jaws.
Used to atraumatically hold viscera (bowel and bladder).

Hemostatic forceps

They are used to clamp and hold blood vessels.

Hemostat Tip Shape

Hemostatic forceps and hemostats may be curved or straight.

Kelly and mosquitoes forceps

Kelly and Mosquito

Both are transversely serrated.
Mosquito hemostats (A) are more delicate than Kelly hemostatic forceps (B).

Kelly and Mosquito Tips

Mosquito hemostats (A) have a smaller, finer tip.

Carmalt forceps


Heavier than Kelly.Preferred for clamping of ovarian pedicals during an ovariohysterectomy surgery because the serrations run longitudinally.

Doyen intestinal forceps

Doyen Forceps

Doyen intestinal forceps are non-crushing intestinal occluding forceps with longitudinal serrations.Used to temporarily occlude lumen of bowel.

Payr Pylorus forceps

Crushing Forceps

Payr pylorus clamp is a crushing intestinal instrument.
Used to occlude the end of bowel to be resected.

Needle holder

Hinged (locking) instrument used to hold the needle while suturing tissue.

Mayo Hager (most common use)

Align Center

Mayo-Hegar Needle Holders

Heavy, with mildly tapered jaws.
No cutting blades.

Olsen Hager

Olsen-Hager Needle Holders

Includes both needle holding jaw and scissors blades.The disadvantage to having blades within the needle holder is the suture material may be accidentally cut

Scalpel Handle and blades

Scissor Points

No3 and No4 scalpel handle

Blade Shapes

Blades #10, 11, 12, 15 fit the #3 handle.
Blades #22, #23 fit the #4 handle and are commonly used for large animals

Disposable Scalpel

Towel clamps

Backhaus Towel CLamp

Locking forceps with curved, pointed tips.
Towel clamps secure drapes to a patient's skin. They may also be used to hold tissue.

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GhostOfAGo0dThing said...

Ok thanks:-)

Black Smith said...

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Surgical instruments
Dental Instruments

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